Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)
These are the new global goals that are set to be achieved by 2030
End poverty in all forms everywhere
- SDG 1 aims to eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere by 2030
- Globally, 800 million people are still living on less than RM 5 a day
- 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 has inadequate height for his or her age
- Target: To create policies to support the elimination of poverty
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition & promote sustainable agriculture
- SDG 2 aims to end hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition & promote sustainable agriculture
- Malnutrition is defined as being poorly nourished, whether undernourished or obese
- Poor nutrition causes 3.1 million deaths in children under the age of five every year
- Food waste is food that is edible but not consumed because it is left to spoil or prematurely discarded
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
- SDG 3 aims to ensure healthy lives and to promote well-being for all at all ages
- Childhood vaccines protect children from a variety of serious or potentially fatal diseases
- A balanced diet contains a combination of foods that will provide all the nutrients needed by our body
- When burned, cigarettes create more than 7,000 chemicals, of which, at least 69 are known to be cancer causing
- By 2030, SDG 3 aims to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
- SDG 4 aims to ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university
- 103 million youth worldwide lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 per cent of them are women
- 57 million children remain out of school worldwide
- Key outcome of Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013 – 2025 (Preschool to Post-Secondary Education) – 100% students literate in Bahasa Malaysia and numerate after 3 years of schooling
End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.
- SDG 5 aims to end all forms of discrimination against women and girls.
- SDG 5 targets to eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriages and female genital mutilation.
- Child marriage perpetuates the cycles of poverty, poor health, illiteracy, and violence that have negative impacts on overall development, prosperity, and stability.
- The Employment Act requires maternity leave in all sectors.
To ensure access to safe water sources and sanitation for all.
- SDG 6 targets to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all.
- SDG 6 targets to protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes.
- Water and sanitation is recognised as a basic human right by the United Nations.
Agriculture is the leading cause of water degradation due to run off fertilisers, pesticides & animal waste from farms.
- The average Malaysian wastes about 50,000 litres of water each year.
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
- SDG 7 targets to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
- 5-star rated appliances are designed to run more efficiently, reducing your electricity consumption.
- Disadvantages of coal fired plants include Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions, mining destruction, generation of millions of tons of waste, and emission of harmful substances.
- Setting a timer on your air conditioner is a smart way to manage and save energy.
- Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity.
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
- Globally, 40 million jobs need to be created every year to accommodate young people entering the labour market.
- Child labour traps millions of children into a cycle of poverty, vulnerability and diminished opportunity.
- Victims of human trafficking in Malaysia tend to be lured by fake employment or education opportunities.
- In Malaysia, between Jan 2018 – Oct 2018, 173 deaths occurred due to workplace accidents.
- Debt bondage is work forced upon an individual in order to settle a debt.
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable
industrialization and foster innovation
- More than 4 billion people still do not have access to the internet.
- Buildings, roads and power supplies are examples of infrastructure.
- Inadequate infrastructure leads to lack of access to markets, jobs, information and training.
- The recently announced 30-day unlimited Rapid bus and rail pass worth RM100 per pass can be used for LRT, MRT, Monorail, Sunway BRT, Rapid buses and MRT feeder buses.
To reduce inequalities, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations.
- People with disabilities are twice as likely to be unemployed when compared with the general population.
- In countries that provide higher-quality secondary education across the economic spectrum, there is much less income disparity.
- In 2017, Malaysia had the highest income disparity between the rich and poor in Southeast Asia
- The government has specifically singled out the B40 group as the target for extended financial assistance.
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
- Cities occupy 3% of the Earth’s land but account for up to 80% of energy consumption.
- Currently 828 million people live in slums, and the number is on the rise.
- Social and cultural barriers deny children from slums the opportunity to receive an education.
- Urban dwellers living in informal settlements are affected by poor provision for sanitation, drainage and solid waste collection.
Responsible Consumption and Production.
- ” ‘ No straw by default’ is a practice where straw is only given upon request.”
- The highest source of food waste in Malaysia is collected from households.
- 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted every year while almost 2 billion people go hungry or undernourished worldwide.
- Plastic straws are an accessible tool for people with physical disabilities such as spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injury or hand amputations.
- Malaysia aims to abolish single-use plastics by 2030.
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
- A 2017 study found that floods have been responsible for an average of USD $30 billion in economic damages every year for the past decade.
- The rise in natural disasters worldwide is caused by global warming and climate change.
- A 1.5°C increase in average global temperature will cause freshwater shortages, reduced agricultural productivity and heat waves among others.
- More countries are implementing public policies needed for the widespread development of renewable energy technologies and markets to mitigate global warming.
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
- Malaysia is 8th in the world with highest plastic waste; most end up in the ocean.
- Micro plastics are ingested by marine life and stays within the food chain, being ingested by other animals and humans.
- Plastic pollution is estimated to injure, suffocate or drown over 100,000 marine animals and further impact other species along the food chain.
- 83% of drinking water samples worldwide have tested positive for microscopic plastic fibers.
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertiﬁcation, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
- Recent scientific data from studies conducted by World Wildlife Fund in 2019 shows that potentially 100,000 species are becoming extinct each year.
- Being a megadiverse country, Malaysia is among 1 of 18 nations that harbours the majority of Earth’s species
- Deforestation is the act of forest clearing for agricultural, logging or urban development
- Desertification is the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of deforestation or inappropriate agriculture.
- Products with Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) labels are guaranteed to be harvested legally.
Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies
- In 2017, it was estimated that there were 152 million child labourers
- Labour traffickers use violence, threats, lies and other forms of coercion to force people to work against their will.
- Illegal trade in animals and plants is a large source of criminal earning in the world.
- Modern slavery is a crime against humanity.
Partnerships for the goals
- The most common fair trade goods are cocoa, coffee, bananas, tea, and sugar.
- Production of fair trade goods must be free of forced labour or poor working conditions for labourers.
- Fair trade products have a “floor” price. This means that regardless of the market, the specified crops cannot be sold below a certain price.
- Fair trade provides a better deal for farmers by protecting small farms and underrepresented communities from falling prey to market fluctuations.