SUSTAINABILITY

SUSTAINABILITY 2019-09-05T09:04:38+00:00

Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)

These are the new global goals that are set to be achieved by 2030

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End poverty in all forms everywhere

  • SDG 1 aims to eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere by 2030
  • Globally, 800 million people are still living on less than RM 5 a day
  • 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 has inadequate height for his or her age
  • Target: To create policies to support the elimination of poverty

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End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition & promote sustainable agriculture

  • SDG 2 aims to end hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition & promote sustainable agriculture
  • Malnutrition is defined as being poorly nourished, whether undernourished or obese
  • Poor nutrition causes 3.1 million deaths in children under the age of five every year
  • Food waste is food that is edible but not consumed because it is left to spoil or prematurely discarded

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Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

  • SDG 3 aims to ensure healthy lives and to promote well-being for all at all ages
  • Childhood vaccines protect children from a variety of serious or potentially fatal diseases
  • A balanced diet contains a combination of foods that will provide all the nutrients needed by our body
  • When burned, cigarettes create more than 7,000 chemicals, of which, at least 69 are known to be cancer causing
  • By 2030, SDG 3 aims to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births

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Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

  • SDG 4 aims to ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university
  • 103 million youth worldwide lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 per cent of them are women
  • 57 million children remain out of school worldwide
  • Key outcome of Malaysia Education Blueprint 2013 – 2025 (Preschool to Post-Secondary Education) – 100% students literate in Bahasa Malaysia and numerate after 3 years of schooling

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End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.

  • SDG 5 aims to end all forms of discrimination against women and girls.
  • SDG 5 targets to eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriages and female genital mutilation.
  • Child marriage perpetuates the cycles of poverty, poor health, illiteracy, and violence that have negative impacts on overall development, prosperity, and stability.
  • The Employment Act requires maternity leave in all sectors.

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To ensure access to safe water sources and sanitation for all.

  • SDG 6 targets to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all.
  • SDG 6 targets to protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes.
  • Water and sanitation is recognised as a basic human right by the United Nations.
    Agriculture is the leading cause of water degradation due to run off fertilisers, pesticides & animal waste from farms.
  • The average Malaysian wastes about 50,000 litres of water each year.

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Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.

  • SDG 7 targets to ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
  • 5-star rated appliances are designed to run more efficiently, reducing your electricity consumption.
  • Disadvantages of coal fired plants include Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions, mining destruction, generation of millions of tons of waste, and emission of harmful substances.
  • Setting a timer on your air conditioner is a smart way to manage and save energy.
  • Solar power is the conversion of energy from sunlight into electricity.

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Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

  • Globally, 40 million jobs need to be created every year to accommodate young people entering the labour market.
  • Child labour traps millions of children into a cycle of poverty, vulnerability and diminished opportunity.
  • Victims of human trafficking in Malaysia tend to be lured by fake employment or education opportunities.
  • In Malaysia, between Jan 2018 – Oct 2018, 173 deaths occurred due to workplace accidents.
  • Debt bondage is work forced upon an individual in order to settle a debt.

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Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable
industrialization and foster innovation

  • More than 4 billion people still do not have access to the internet.
  • Buildings, roads and power supplies are examples of infrastructure.
  • Inadequate infrastructure leads to lack of access to markets, jobs, information and training.
  • The recently announced 30-day unlimited Rapid bus and rail pass worth RM100 per pass can be used for LRT, MRT, Monorail, Sunway BRT, Rapid buses and MRT feeder buses.

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To reduce inequalities, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations.

  • People with disabilities are twice as likely to be unemployed when compared with the general population.
  • In countries that provide higher-quality secondary education across the economic spectrum, there is much less income disparity.
  • In 2017, Malaysia had the highest income disparity between the rich and poor in Southeast Asia
  • The government has specifically singled out the B40 group as the target for extended financial assistance.

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Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

  • Cities occupy 3% of the Earth’s land but account for up to 80% of energy consumption.
  • Currently 828 million people live in slums, and the number is on the rise.
  • Social and cultural barriers deny children from slums the opportunity to receive an education.
  • Urban dwellers living in informal settlements are affected by poor provision for sanitation, drainage and solid waste collection.

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Responsible Consumption and Production.

  • ” ‘ No straw by default’ is a practice where straw is only given upon request.”
  • The highest source of food waste in Malaysia is collected from households.
  • 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted every year while almost 2 billion people go hungry or undernourished worldwide.
  • Plastic straws are an accessible tool for people with physical disabilities such as spinal cord injuries, traumatic brain injury or hand amputations.
  • Malaysia aims to abolish single-use plastics by 2030.

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Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.

  • A 2017 study found that floods have been responsible for an average of USD $30 billion in economic damages every year for the past decade.
  • The rise in natural disasters worldwide is caused by global warming and climate change.
  • A 1.5°C increase in average global temperature will cause freshwater shortages, reduced agricultural productivity and heat waves among others.
  • More countries are implementing public policies needed for the widespread development of renewable energy technologies and markets to mitigate global warming.

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Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

  • Malaysia is 8th in the world with highest plastic waste; most end up in the ocean.
  • Micro plastics are ingested by marine life and stays within the food chain, being ingested by other animals and humans.
  • Plastic pollution is estimated to injure, suffocate or drown over 100,000 marine animals and further impact other species along the food chain.
  • 83% of drinking water samples worldwide have tested positive for microscopic plastic fibers.

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Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

  • Recent scientific data from studies conducted by World Wildlife Fund in 2019 shows that potentially 100,000 species are becoming extinct each year.
  • Being a megadiverse country, Malaysia is among 1 of 18 nations that harbours the majority of Earth’s species
  • Deforestation is the act of forest clearing for agricultural, logging or urban development
  • Desertification is the process by which fertile land becomes desert, typically as a result of deforestation or inappropriate agriculture.
  • Products with Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) labels are guaranteed to be harvested legally.

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Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies

  • In 2017, it was estimated that there were 152 million child labourers
  • Labour traffickers use violence, threats, lies and other forms of coercion to force people to work against their will.
  • Illegal trade in animals and plants is a large source of criminal earning in the world.
  • Modern slavery is a crime against humanity.

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Partnerships for the goals

  • The most common fair trade goods are cocoa, coffee, bananas, tea, and sugar.
  • Production of fair trade goods must be free of forced labour or poor working conditions for labourers.
  • Fair trade products have a “floor” price. This means that regardless of the market, the specified crops cannot be sold below a certain price.
  • Fair trade provides a better deal for farmers by protecting small farms and underrepresented communities from falling prey to market fluctuations.
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